GLOSSARY

A
Abomination – A foul and detestable thing.
Affliction – Anguish, burden, persecution, tribulation, or trouble.
Angel – A messenger of God, not eternal or all-knowing; specific types, include cherubim and seraphim.
Ascension – Rising up in authority or physical place. Can especially refer to the event forty days after Jesus’ death, burial, and Resurrection, when He returned to Heaven to sit at the right hand of the Father (Acts 1:9-11).
Atone – To propitiate, satisfy the demands of an offended holy God; or reconcile to a holy God after sin.

B
Baptize – To dip, immerse, or submerge.
Blameless – Irreproachable, faultless, flawless.
Blessedness – Happiness, joy, or prosperity, to be well spoken of by God or others.
Bless the Lord – To bend the knee in praise to God.
Blood of the Lamb – The blood that Jesus shed on the Cross that redeems humanity.
Bowels – To ancient Middle Easterners, the place of emotion, distress, or love.

C
Called by God – Appointed or commissioned to fulfill a task.
Charge – Admonish, order, command.
Chosen – To be approved and selected by God.
Christ – The Anointed One, the expected Messiah the Jews hoped for and whom Christians believe came as Jesus of Nazareth.
Commandments – God’s mandates; the entire body of Laws issued by God through Moses for Israel.
Conduct – Manner of living
Confess – To acknowledge or fully agree
Consider – To determine or make out
Covenant – An agreement or promise between God and humanity based on God’s character, strength, and grace.
Crucifixion – A method of Roman execution in which a criminal was hung on a cross.

D
Decalogue – From “ten words” in Greek; the Ten Commandments.
Desolation – The state of being deserted or uninhabited.
Disciples – Rule or reign.
Dominion – Rules or reign.
Dwelling place – A person’s refuge or home.

E
El – The Hebrew word for “god” or “mighty one.”
Evil – Bad, unpleasant, or displeasing things.
Evil doer – A malefactor, wrongdoer, criminal, troublemaker.
Evil spirits – Messengers and ministers of the devil.
Exalt – To raise up to the highest degree possible.
Exhortation – Giving someone motivation to change his or her behavior either by rebuke or encouragement.

F
Faithfulness – Steadfastness, steadiness.
Fear of the Lord – Reverence or awe of who God is resulting in obedience to Him and abstaining from evil.

G
Glory – Splendor, unparalleled honor, dignity, or distinction; praise, and worship.
God’s Bride – The church.
God’s own hand – God’s strength, power.
Gospel – The Good News of Jesus the Messiah’s arrival and founding of His Kingdom.
Graven image – An idol cut (often from stone, wood, or metal) and worshiped as a god.
Great Tribulation – A time of great suffering that has not been experienced since the world began (Matthew 24:21, Revelation 7:14).

H
Hallowed – Consecrated, dedicated, or set apart.
Hear – Listen to, yield to, or obey.
Hearken – Pay attention to, give attention to.
Heart – The figurative place of emotion and passion.
Heathens – The Gentiles, all those who are not a part of the people of God.
Holy – Anything consecrated and set aside for sacred use; set apart from sin.
Honor – To reverse or value.
Host – An army or vast number.

I
Idolatry – The worship of anything other than God.
Infidel – One who is unfaithful, unbelieving, and not to be trusted.
Iniquity – Perversity, depravity, guilt, sin.

J
Just – Righteous, that which is right and fair.
Justice – Righteousness in government.

K
Kingdom of Christ – The rule and reign of Christ as king both now and in the age to come.

L
Law – Either the Mosaic Law or any human law; synonyms include commandments, ordinances, statutes, legal regulations, authoritative instructions, and teachings.
Logos (LOW-gos) – (GK) Word; the Word of God, either the Bible or Jesus.

M
Manna – Food from Heaven baked into a kind of bread, which God miraculously gave to the Israelites in the wilderness.
Messiah – The Anointed One.
Minister – A servant, an attendant, one who executes the commands of another.
Mosaic Law – The law passed down by Moses from God to the Hebrew people at Mt. Sinai.

O
Omnipotent – All powerful.
Omnipresent – All present, being everywhere.
Omniscient – All knowing.
Ordained – Established and founded by God; founded, fixed, or appointed.

P
Parousia (par-oo-SEE-ah) (GK) – Presence; Christ’s Second Coming.
Peace – Wholeness, quietness, contentment, health, prosperity; more than an absence of conflict or problems, but every part of life being blessed.
Pentateuch – The first five books of the Old Testament.
Power – Boldness, might, or strength, especially God’s.
Prophets – People filled with the Spirit of God and under the authority and command of God, who pleaded His cause and urged humanity to be saved.
Profit – To gain or benefit.
Prosper – To succeed, especially in spiritual things; to move forward or succeed in one’s efforts.
Proved – A piece of music or a melody, especially one dedicated to God.
Purity – Sinlessness, without blemish spiritually.

R
Ransom – To buy back or pay a price for a person, buying their freedom.
Redeem – To ransom or purchase.
Refuge – A shelter from rain, storm, or danger; stronghold or fortress; a place to run to and secure when the enemy threatens.
Repent – To turn back from sin and turn to God in faith.
Righteousness – Justness, rightness, especially God’s which He works as a gift in His people; the right way to live as opposed to a lifestyle that treats others unfairly or unjustly.

S
From “ceasing (from work)” in Hebrew; the day set aside to worship God.
Sanctuary – The holy place, either in the Tabernacle or the Temple.
Salvation – Rescue, safety, or deliverance, especially form eternal punishment.
Satan – A fallen angel who is opposed to God and His people.
Savior – A defender, rescuer, or deliverer; a term applied to Christ as the rescuer of those who are in bondage to sin and death.
Scribes – Secretaries, recorders, men skilled in the Law during Jesus’ day.
Selah (SEE-lah) (HEB) – A pause in singing to allow for an instrumental musical interlude or silent meditation.
Septuagint “Seventy” in Latin – The Greek translation of the Hebrew Old Testament made by 70 Jewish scholars beginning in the third century B.C.
Servant – A slave, subject, or worshiper.
Shalom (sha-LOME) (HEB) – Peace, prosperity, blessing.
Shekinah Glory – The awesome presence of the Lord; His honor, fame, and reputation.
Shofar (sho-FAR) (HEB) – A ram’s horn; commonly used in celebration, as well as in signaling armies or large groups of people in civil assembly.
Soul – The immaterial part of a person (what leaves the body after death), or to the whole being, the self, one’s life.
Stiff-necked – Obstinate and difficult.
Strengthen – To secure, make firm.
Strive – To struggle, to exert oneself.
Supplication – Seeking, asking, entreating, pleading, imploring, or petitioning.

T
Tabernacle – A tent; the name of the portable temple constructed by Moses and the people of Israel.
Tetragrammaton – YHWH; the four consonants of God’s name, as the Jews would often write it.
Torah (HEB) – Law, instrument, or direction; the first five books of the Old Testament.
Transfiguration – A change or transformation. Often refers to Jesus’ transformation while on the Mount of Olives with His disciples Peter, James, and John when His face shone like the sun and His clothing was white as snow (Matthew 17:2, Mark 9:2, Luke 9:29).
Transgression – Sin, rebellion, breaking God’s law.
Try – In the sense of a test; refined or purified.
Trumpet – A ram’s horn or simple metal tribe used in celebration as well as in signaling armies or large groups of people in civil assembly.

V
Vanity (vain) – A waste, a worthless thing, or simply emptiness.

W
Wisdom – Prudence, an understanding of ethics.
Woe – Grief or sorrow.
Worship – Bow down deeply, show obedience and reverence.
Wrath – Burning anger, rage.

Y
Yahweh – God’s name often spelled with consonants only (see Tetragrammaton).

 

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